Cupboard love theory harlow
An evolutionary theory of attachment was also created in 1969 by a researcher named harry harlow harlow’s experiments with baby monkeys and “surrogate mothers” disproved the “cupboard theory” of attachment to caregivers and gave proof to a more intimate and loving attachment. The study of the attachment by harry harlow and mary ainsworth essay the study of the attachment by harry harlow and mary ainsworth the word love brings us many meanings - the study of the attachment by harry harlow and mary ainsworth essay introduction but how do we learn to love. Explanations of attachment: learning theory evidence against learning theory comes from harlow’s research this is a weakness because it suggests ‘cupboard love’ is unlikely to explain attachment as the monkeys should have attached to the mother with food but often will become attached to the caregiver offering comfort (3).
Compare and contrast the work of harry harlow and mary ainsworth on understanding attachment ‘attachment’ is a lasting secure and positive feeling that bonds one person to another, one of the strongest forms of attachment is thought to develop between a mother and child. Harlow wanted to test this theory and see if this bond of attachment was not cupboard love but was in fact down to ‘innate tendencies to be attached to stimuli that possess certain properties’ (custance, 2010, p201. It is true that good has come out of the harlow rhesus monkey experiments it is mainly brought up these days as a main piece of evidence against the classical conditioning “cupboard love” explanation of attachment which claims that babies grow attached to the mother through feeding as an association with the intrinsic reinforcement of food. Transcript of harry harlows study of love research harry harlow's study of love research mariahbrantley introduction harry harlow was a psychologist who knew there was a science to love this is known as the cupboard theory (therman, e harry f harlow monkey love experiment.
The behaviourist approaches to attachment- sometimes called ‘cupboard love’ theories – have a clear logic to them reinforcement is obviously in element in all attachments, from infant-mother, through friendships, to adult romantic/sexual relationships. Theories of attachments theories of attachments way to show affection we learn through association and reinforcement but food may not be the main reinforce harry harlow challenges behaviourists and psychoanalytic “cupboard love” theory -study of the rhesus monkey -study of scottish infants the ethological approach -ethology is the. History of attachment theory nature of the child's tie to his mother, in which the precursory concepts of attachment were introduced, and harry harlow's the nature of love, he rejected both freudian drive-theory, which he called the cupboard love theory of relationships,.
Therefore, proving the cupboard theory wrong after of his data was found, his experiment was deemed unethical due to the negative effects the test had on the baby rhesus macaque interesting facts. Harry harlow was one of the first psychologists to scientifically investigate the nature of human love and affection through a series of controversial experiments, harlow was able to demonstrate the importance of early attachments, affection, and emotional bonds on the course of healthy development. The work of harlow (harlow, mcgaugh & thompson 1971) revealed that the child becomes attached because of the main and basic needs of hunger and thirst this has become known as the “cupboard love” theory and represents important psychological motives as the child learns to love the mother comfort and warmth are also important and fundamental. Harry harlow shows that infant rhesus monkeys appear to form an affectional bond with soft, cloth surrogate mothers that offered no food but not with wire surrogate mothers that provided a food. The four then contemporary views he described were first of all the cupboard-love theory of object relations, according to which the physiological needs for food and warmth are met by the mother, through which the baby gradually learns to regard the mother as the source of all gratification and love.
Cupboard love theory harlow
Psychology - attachment - learning theory of attachment download full version why has the learning theory explanation also been called the 'cupboard love theory' what was harlow's aim to test learning theory by comparing attachment behaviour in baby monkeys given a wire surrogate mother producing milk with those given a soft. Study developmental psychology ii flashcards from hannah simpson's strathclyde class online, what animals did harlow and zimmerman (1959) test the cupboard love theory on monkeys 15 what were the results of the harlow and zimmerman 1959 monkey cupboard love experiment. The learning theory of attachment is a behaviourist explanation that suggests that attachments develop through classical and/or operant conditioning it is sometimes referred to as a cupboard love theory, as the infant attaches to the caregiver who provides the food.
6 the second was john bowlby, a freudian who found evidence to undermine freud’s version of the cupboard love theory 7 harlow and the rhesus monkeys. Learning theory (behaviourist approach) according to behaviourists, behaviour is not innate but learned learning can be due to associations being made between different stimuli (classical conditioning) or behaviour can be altered by patterns of reinforcement (reward) and punishment (operant conditioning. Both these explanations suggest that attachment is a form of ‘cupboard love’ — ‘i’ll love you because you can satisfy my needs’ cat owners may be familiar with this type of bonding however, the classic experiments of harlow & zimmerman on rhesus monkeys demonstrated that this theory was inadequate.
Harlow wanted to answer this question not only to confirm bowlby’s theory of attachment, but to discover the existence of unconditional love the results showed that the baby monkeys preferred the doll, even though it didn’t give them any food. There's also harlow's monkey study where a baby monkey was provided with two wire 'mothers', except one provided food and the other was soft the monkey preferred the contact comfort over the food, contradicting learning theory. 6 ao2 marks come from explaining how learning theory is supported (only that it makes sense) and the research that goes against it (harlow’s monkeys and schaffer & emerson) dollard and miller attachment, learning theory of attachment, classical conditioning, operant conditioning, cupboard love.